Laparoscopy – what you need to know


Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that allows the fertility doctor to see inside the abdomen. In females, the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries are located in the pelvis region, at the lower part of the abdomen. Through Laparoscopy, the doctor can check for abnormalities that might interfere with a woman’s ability to conceive.
  • Laparoscopy – in detail Laparoscopy is a way of doing surgery using small incisions (cuts). It is different from “open” surgery where the incision can be several inches long. Laparoscopic surgery uses a special instrument called the laparoscope.
    Laparoscopy is used to diagnose conditions like endometriosis, fibroids and cyst diagnosis and removal, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic organ disorders.
  • Benefits of Laparoscopy Laparoscopy has many benefits. There is less pain after laparoscopic surgery than after open abdominal surgery. Recovery from laparoscopic surgery generally is faster than recovery from open abdominal surgery. The smaller incisions that are used allow you to heal faster and have smaller scars. The risk of infection also is lower than with open surgery.
  • How Laparoscopy is done ? The laparoscope is inserted in a small incision to visualise the organs and conditions. You will receive anaesthesia so you will not feel anything. Another instrument, called a uterine manipulator, may be inserted through the vagina and cervix and into the uterus. This instrument is used to move the pelvic organs into view.
  • Post- Procedure Care After laparoscopy is carried out, you will be in the post- operative ward for a few hours depending on which anaesthesia is used and how you recover from it.
  • Resuming regular activities after Laparoscopy Your doctor will let you know when you can get back to your normal activities. Typically, it is often 1–2 days after the surgery. For more complex procedures, such as hysterectomy, it can take longer. You may be told to avoid heavy activity or exercise.
  • What should you watch out for after Laparoscopy? Contact your doctor right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms:


    Pain that is severe or gets worse

    Heavy vaginal bleeding

    Redness, swelling, or discharge from the incision


    Inability to empty your bladder

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